Breast, or “mamma” in Latin, is one of the most important regions of a woman’s body.Woman’s uterus and breasts provides the continuation of the life, history and culture of a society.
A woman giving birth and breastfeeding the baby has always been one of the images respected and even worshiped in prehistoric ages in societies that we call ‘primitive’. How could it not be so? The thing that feeds, soothes, and brings up tiny newcomers of the society, as well as puts them to sleep and enables them to feel safe, is the breast. Moreover, if you pay attention to Freud, our first sexual experience happens with breast. Disengagement from the womb and coming face to face with the external world, i.e. birth, is a trauma for the baby; but to the same extent, the warmth of the breast is a great consolation! The first and only object that makes bearable our first meeting with the cruel, chaotic, and unsafe external world, which is not in our body but is something that we trust out rightly, is the breast. We get to know the breast before the mother, father, and culture. In fact, we have to get to know the breast. Knowing the breast is the first requirement for survival. It is a soft and warm thing having a tip, from which a warm and sweet liquid is secreted. The breast is the first thing that we embrace wholeheartedly before having a self-consciousness, before the formation of our intelligence, before anything is imprinted on our memories, when we do not know where to go after getting out of the womb, and when we act with only the survival instinct. This is the first object, to which we all madly attach ourselves.
The power of breast in a women’s body influences her life the most. On the one hand, it is a sexual organ that attracts the opposite sex and is an erogenous zone for the women, which can provide satisfaction when stimulated. It is also a reproductive organ that feeds her baby. It is a source of pride with its freshness and beauty but is also a source of fear due to its diseases. Therefore, the breasts cause a woman to experience many emotions at the same time.
Finally, the breast is fertility and represents fertility. Just like the statue of Artemis in Ephesus. The things that feed nature are the breasts, mother, and woman giving birth. It is not surprising that these images had a place in the ancient believable systems.
Many researches have shown that breastfeeding is one of the important functions of the breasts; however, the priority of their sexual function is indisputable. The attractiveness of the breasts has always been in the foreground for women, and they have done everything regarding this look.
The actual function of the breast has been forgotten in modern society. The breast is now an object and a decor of the Victoria’s Secret fashion show. Dominant body image is the center of all these approaches. If a person’s body sizes are different from the body sizes, which are currently considered to be ideal in the place where she lives, the difficulty that she faces in being satisfied with her breasts is clear. Numerous studies reveal the fact that women are under the discretionary judgment of the existing assumptions about beauty. For example, in accordance with the ideal body sizes determined for the second half of the 20th century, women were under the obligation to have prominent breasts and a thin body. American women have spent millions of dollars to thin their body parts below the waist while enlarging the upper part of their bodies. In the years following the Second World War, big breasts were considered to be ugly, and women were ashamed of their big breasts and used corset to press their breasts. In the 1970s, the female eroticism came to the fore, and bigger breasts attracting attentions became fashionable. This trend created stars having big breasts like Samantha Fox and Pamela Anderson in the 1980s. In the 1990s, the extremisms from the 1980s were considered to be ugly, jackets with shoulder pads showing the breasts bigger were left, and giant breast implants lost their importance in aesthetics. In those periods, optionally adjustable chest sizes began to be preferred in aesthetic operations, as a result of the advancements in the field of aesthetic surgery in the medical sector.
Anatomically speaking, the breast is an organ composed of two-thirds adipose tissue and one-third breast tissue. The shape of the breast depends on its size, amount of adipose tissue, connective tissue and the skin elasticity. Besides these, age, hormones and gravity plays an active role in the shape of the breast, as well.
Sagging of the breasts occurs usually after pregnancy, breastfeeding, excessive weight gain and loss or after menopause. In such cases, the skin loses its elasticity in such a way that it starts sagging and show some deformations.